TED简介：2008 | 测验做新鲜事，你会严重惧怕吗？Tim给咱们的办法是来问问自己"What's the worst that could happen?"It is all you need to learn to do anything.
| 中英文对照演说稿 |
This is Tim Ferriss circa 1979 A.D. Agetwo. You can tell by the power squat, I was a very confident boy -- and not without reason. I had a very charming routine at the time, which was to wait until late in the evening when my parents were decompressing from a hard day's work, doing their cross word puzzles, watching television. I would run into theliving room, jump up on the couch, rip the cushions off, throw them on the floor, scream at the top of my lungs and run out because I was the Incredible Hulk. (Laughter) Obviously, you see the resemblance. And this routine went onfor some time.
When I was seven I went to summer camp. My parents found it necessary for peace of mind. And at noon each day the campers would go to a pond, where they had floating docks. You could jump off the endinto the deep end. I was born premature. I was always very small. My left lunghad col冯莫缇歌曲lapsed when I was born. And I've always had buoyancy problems. So water was something that scared me to begin with. But I would go in on occasion.
And on one particular day, the campers were jumping through inner tubes, They were diving through inner tubes. And I thought this would be great fun. So I dove through the inner tube, and the bully of the camp grabbed my ankles. And Itried to come up for air, and my lower back hit the bottom of the inner tube.And I went wild eyed and thought I was going to die.
A camp counselor fortunately came over and separated us. From that point onward I was terrified of swimming. That is something that I did not get over. My inability to swimhas beedecrescn one of my greatest humiliations and embarrassments. That is when Irealized that I was not the Incredible Hulk.
But there is a happy ending to this story.At age 31 -- that's my age now -- in August I took two weeks to re-examine swimming, and question all the of the obvious aspects of swimming. And went from swimming one lap -- so 20 yards -- like a drowning monkey,precedure at about 200 beats per minute heart rate -- I measured it -- to going to Montauk on LongIsland, close to where I grew up, and jumping into the ocean and swimming one kilometer in open water, getting out and feeling bet28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲ter than when I went in.And I came out, in my Speedos, European style, feeling like the IncredibleHulk.
And that's what I want everyone in here to feel like, the Incredible Hulk, at the end of this presentation. More specifically, I want you to feel like you're capable of becoming an excellentlong-distance swimmer, a world-class language learner, and a tango champion.And I would like to share my art. If I have an art, it's decon structing things that really scare the living hell out of me. So, moving onward.
Swimming, first principles. First principles, this is very important. I find that the best results in life are often held back by false constructs and untested assumptions. And the turn around in swimming came when a friend of mine said, "I will go a year without any stimulants" -- this is a six-double-espresso-per-day type ofguy -- "if you can complete a one kilometer open water race." So the clock started ticking.
I started seeking out triathletes because I found thatlifelong swimmers often couldn't teach what they did. I tried kick boards. My feet would slice through the water like razors, I wouldn't even move. I would leave demoralized, staring at my feet. Hand paddles, everything. Even did lessons with Olympians -- nothing helped.
And then Chris Sacca, who is now adear friend mine, had completed an Iron Man with 103 degree temperature, said,"I have the answer to your prayers." And he introduced me to the workof a man named Terry Laughlin who is the founder of Total Immersion Swimming.That set me on the road to examining biomechanics.
So here are the new rules of swimming, if any of you are afraid of swimming, or not good at it. The first is, forgetabout kicking. Very counterintuitive. So it turns out that propulsion isn'treally the problem. Kicking harder doesn't solve the problem because the average swimmer only transfers 28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲about three percent of their energy expenditurein to forward motion. The problem is hydrodynamics.
So what you want to focus oninstead is allowing your lower body to draft behind your upper body, much likea small car behind a big car on the highway. And you do that by maintaining ahorizontal body position. The only way you can do that is to not swim on top ofthe water. The body is denser than water. 95 percent of it would be, at least,submerged naturally.
So you end up, number three, not swimming,in the case of freestyle, on your stomach, as many people think, reaching on top of the water. But actually rotating from streamlined right to streamlined left, maintaining that fuselage position as long as possible. So let's look at some examples. This is Terry. And you can see that he's extending his right arm below his head and far in front. And so his entire body really is underwater.
The arm is extended below the head. The head is held in line with the spine, sothat you use strategic water pressure to raise your legs up -- very important,especially for people with lower body fat. Here is an example of the stroke. So you don't kick. But you do use a small flick. You can see this is the left extension.
Then you see his left leg. Small flick, and the only purpose of thatis to rotate his hips so he can get to the opposite side. And the entry pointfor his right hand -- notice this, he's not reaching in front and catching the water. Rather, he is entering 吕宗瑞the water at a 45-degree angle with his for earm,and then propelling himself by streamlining -- very important.
Incorrect,above, which is what almost every swimming coach will teach you. Not their fault, honestly. And I'll get to implicit versus explicit in a moment. Below is what most swimmers will find enables them to do what I did, which is going from21 strokes per 20-yard length to 11 strokes in two workouts with no coach, novideo monitoring. And now I love swimming. I can't wait to go swimming. I鬼葬礼'll bedoing a swimming lesson later, for myself, if anyone wants to join me.
Last thing, breathing. A problem a lot ofus have, certainly, when you're swimming. In freestyle, easiest way to remedythis is to turn surburbwith body roll, and just to look at your recovery hand as itenters the water. And that will get you very far. That's it. That's really allyou need to know.
Languages. Material versus method. I, like many people, came to the conclusion that I was terrible at languages. I suffered through Spanish for junior high, first year of high school, and thesum total of my knowledge was pretty much, "Donde esta el bano?" And I wouldn't even catch the response. A sad state of affairs. Then I transferred to a different school sopho more year, and I had a choice of other languages.Most of my friends were taking Japanese.
So I thought why not punish myself? I'll do Japanese. Six months later I had the chance to go to Japan. My teachersassured me, they said, "Don't worry. You'll have Japanese language classes every day to help you cope. It will be an amazing experience." My first overseas experience in fact. So my parents encouraged me to do it. I left.
我想：我为什么不也折腾我自己一下呢？所以我选了日语。冷孟梅半年后，我有一个去日本的时机。我的教师们鼓舞我说：“别忧虑。你每天都会上日语课，帮你习惯。这会是一次难忘的阅历。”事实上这也是我的第一次海外日子。我的爸爸妈妈也鼓舞我去。所以我上路了。28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲
I arrived in Tokyo. Amazing. I couldn'tbelieve I was on the other side of the world. I met my host family. Things went quite well I think, all things considered. My first evening, before my firstday of school, I said to my mother, very politely, "Please wake me up ateight a.m." So, (Japanese) But I didn't say (Japanese). I said,(Japanese). Pretty close. But I said, "Please rape me at eight a.m." (Laughter)You've never seen a more confused Japanese woman. (Laughter)
I walked in to school. And a teacher cameup to me and handed me a piece of pape28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲r. I couldn't read any of it --hieroglyphics, it could have been -- because it was Kanji, Chinese character sadapted into the Japanese language. Asked him what this said. And he goes,"Ahh, okay okay, eehto, World History, ehh, Calculus, Traditiona l Japanese."
And so on. And so it came to me in waves. There had beensomething lost in translation. The Japanese classes were not Japanese in struction classes, per se. They were the normal high school curriculum forJapanese students -- the other 4,999 students in the school, who were Japanese,be sides the American. And that's pretty much my response. (Laughter)
And that set me on this panic driven searchfor the perfect language method. I tried everything28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲. I went to 胶州茂腔大全张梅香Kinokuniya. Itried every possible book, every possible CD. Nothing worked until I foundthis. This is the Joyo Kanji. This is a Tablet rather, or a poster of the 1,945 common-use characters as determined by the Ministry of Education in 1981. Manyof the publications in Japan limit themselves to these characters, tofacilitate literacy -- some are required to. And this 28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲became my Holy Grail, my Rosetta Stone.
As soon as I focused on this material, Itook off. I ended up being able to read Asahi Shinbu, Asahi newspaper, aboutsix months later -- so a total of 11 months later -- and went from Japanese Ito Japanese VI. Ended up doing translation work at age 16 when I returned tothe U.S., and have continued to apply this material over method approach toclose to a dozen languages now.
Someone who was terrible at languages, and atany given time, speak, read and write five or six. This brings us to the point,which is, it's oftentimes what you do, not how you do it, that is thedetermining factor. This is the difference between being effective -- doing theright things -- and being efficient -- doing things well whether or not they're important.
You can also do this with grammar. I cameup with these six sentences after much experimentation. Having a native speakerallow you to deconstruct their grammar, by translating these sentences intopast, present, future, will show you subjec超时空淘宝群t, object, verb, placement ofindirect, direct objects, gender and so forth. From that point, yo谷俊山父亲u can then,if you want to, acquire multiple languages, alternate them so there is nointerference. We can talk about that if anyone in interested. And now I lovelanguages.
So ballroom dancing, implicit versusexplicit -- very important. You might look at me and say, "That guy mustbe a ballroom dancer." But no, you'd be wrong because my body is very poorly designed for most things -- pretty well designed for lifting heavy rocks perhaps. I used to be much bigger, much more muscular. And so I ended upwalking like this. I looked a lot like an orangutan, our close cousins, or theIncredible Hulk. Not very good for ballroom dancing.
I found myself in Argentina in 2005,decided to watch a tango class -- had no intention of participating. Went in,paid my ten pesos, walked up -- 10 women two guys, usually a good ratio. Theinstructor says, "You are participating." Immediately: death sweat.
Fight-or-flight fear sweat, because I tried ballroom dancing in college-- stepped on the gi内山政人rl's foot with my heel. She screamed. I was so concernedwith her perception of what I was doing, that it exploded in my face, never toreturn to the ballroom dancing club. She comes up, and this was her approach,the teacher. "Okay, come on, grab me." Gorgeous assistant instructor.She was very pissed off that I had pulled her from her advanced practice.
So I did my best. I didn't know where to put my hands. And she pulled back, threwdown her arms, put them on her hips, turned around and yelled across the room,"This guy is built like a god-damned mountain of muscle, and he's grabbingme like a fucking Frenchman," which I found encouraging.
Everyone burst into laughter. I was humiliated. She came back. Shegoes, "Come on. I don't have all day." As someone who wrestled sinceage eight, I proceeded to crush her, "Of Mice and Men" style. And shelooked up and said, "Now that's bette楚恬恬顾显r." So I bought a month's worthof classes. (Laughter)
And proceeded to look at -- I wanted to setcompetition so I'd have a deadline -- Parkinson's Law, the perceived complexityof a task will expand to fill the time you allot it. So I had a very short deadline for a competition. I got a female instructor first, to teach me thefemale role, the follow, because I wanted to understand the sensitivities andabilities that the follow needed to develop, so I wouldn't have a repeat of college.
And then I took an inventory of the characteristics, along with her,of the of the capabilities and elements of different dancers who'd won championships. I interviewed these people because they all taught in Buenos Aires. I compared the two lists, and what you find is that there is explicitly,expertise they recommended, certain training methods. Then there were implicitcommonalities that none of them seemed to be practicing. Now the protectionismof Argentine dance teachers aside, I found this very interesting.
So I decidedto focus on three of those commonalities. Long steps. So a lot of milongueros-- the tango dancers will use very short steps. I found that longer steps weremuch more elegant. So you ca程川陆烟n have -- and you can do it in a very small spacein fact. Secondly, different types of pivots. Thirdly, variation in tempo.These seemed to be the three areas that I could exploit to compete if I wantedto comptete against people who'd been practicing for 20 to 30 years.
That photo is of the semi-finals of theBuenos Aires championships, four months later. Then one month later, went tothe world championships, made it to the semi-final. And then set a worldrecord, following that, two weeks later. I want you to see part of what Ipracticed. I'm going to jump forward here. This is the instructor that Aliciaand I chose for the male lead. His name is Gabriel Misse. One of the mostelegant dancers of his generation, known for his long steps, and his tempochanges and his pivots.
Alicia, in her own right, very famous. So I thinkyou'll agree, they look quite good together. Now what I like about this videois it's actually a video of the first time they ever danced together because ofhis lead. He had a strong lead. He didn't lead with his chest, which requiresyou lean forward. I couldn't develop the attributes in my toes, the strength inmy feet, to do that. So he uses a lead that focuses on his shoulder girdle andhis arm.
艾莉西亚也颇有名望。所以我想你们也会赞同：他们看上去很和谐。我特别喜爱这段影片这实践上是他们第一次共舞。由于他的领舞很强。他并不必胸领舞，那样你要前倾。我28,TED英文演说| 功率大师：通过 “最坏的或许是什么?”这个问题 让你学会勇敢,义勇军进行曲没办法训练我的脚趾，以到达那样的强度。因而他用另一种领舞，专心于肩带和手臂。
So he can lift the woman to break her, for example. That's just onebenefit of that. So then we broke it down. This would be an example 尹家壁of onepivot. This is a back step pivot. There are many different types. I havehundreds of hours of footage -- all categorized, much like George Carlincategorized his comedy. So using my arch-nemesis, Spanish, no less, to learntango.
So fear is your friend. Fear is anindicator. Sometimes it shows y熟成蘑菇ou what you shouldn't do. More often than not it shows you exactly what you should do. And the best results that I've had 俞飞鸿固定伴侣是谁inlife, the most enjoyable times, have all been from asking a simple question:what's the worst that can happen? Especially with fears you gained when youwere a child. Take the analytical frameworks, the capabilities you have, apply them to old fears. Apply them to very big dreams.
And when I think of what I fear now, it'svery simple. When I imagine my life, what my life would have been like without the educational opportunities that I had, it makes me wonder. I've spent thelast two years trying to deconstruct the American public school system, toeither fix it or replace it. And have done experiments with about 50,000 students thus far -- built, I'd say, about a half dozen schools, my readers, atthis point. And if any of you are interested in that, I would love to speakwith you. I know nothing. I'm a beginner. But I ask a lot of questions, and Iwould love your advice. Thank you very much. (Applause)